Sikhs are the most renowned community in the world and are famous for their discipline. Sikh people belong to Punjab, however, in the current scenario, they spread all over the world and are found in every country. This is the most respectful community in the world which teaches us the principles of humanity such as freedom, equality, justice, praying the god, earning on our own, and sharing with others. Sikhism diminishes the caste system as any person who belongs to any caste can adopt Sikhism.
Sikh weddings are different from the Hindu and Muslim weddings. Some of their traditions are unique from the others, let’s take a look at the Punjabi Sikhs’ wedding ceremonies:
Roka and Thaka: This is the first and foremost pre-wedding ritual in Punjabi weddings where parental consent is very important. So, both the families meet together and exchange gifts and sweets to express their approval for the wedding. Moreover, the date is fixed on the day of Thaka at the bride’s house.
Kurmai: This ceremony is the same as the engagement in the Hindus. It is an official engagement ceremony held at the bride’s house or in the Gurudwara. The Sikh priest or granthi does the ‘Ardaas’ (a short prayer) after that the rings are exchanged by the couple and the bride’s family offers a silver or gold ‘kara’ (Sikh bangle) to the groom and the dried dates are fed to the groom by the bride’s grandfather or any other eldest member. Moreover, the bride and groom get various gifts from family and friends.
Chunni Ceremony: In this ceremony, the groom’s family and close relatives visit the bride’s house and present her several gifts including Red Duppata, Clothes, Jewelry, Sweets, and other gifts. The groom’s mother covers the head of the bride which signifies that from that time the bride-to-be is responsible for the groom’s honor and pride of his family.
Saaha Chithi: The bride’s family makes a special invitation for the groom’s family and delivers it to the groom’s house by the key members of the bride’s family along with some special gifts.
Mayia: This event is held five days before the wedding. It is the same as the Haldi event in the Hindus which is also known as the Vatna ceremony. Unlike the others religion, in Sikhs, the mayia is applied to the both bride and groom five days before the wedding. Both the bride and the groom are not allowed to leave their house once the Mayia ceremony starts. During this ceremony, a Gana (a red auspicious thread) is tied to the left wrist of the bride and the right wrist of the groom.
Mehandi: The henna paste is applied to the bride and groom’s hand two or three days before the wedding. The gathered women on both sides also applied henna on their hands.
Choora and Kalire: The bride’s maternal uncle gives a choora (red and white bangles) and Kalire. The Choora is bathed in the yogurt milk and rosewater then the bride’s uncle puts bangles on her hands.
Baraat: A groom dressed up and goes to the bride’s house or wedding venue with his family, friends, and relatives. The bands and dhol players play different songs and the groom’s family reached the wedding venue with dancing.
Milni: This ceremony is taking place when the groom and his family reached the wedding venue and the bride’s family welcomed them with different gifts. This ceremony is all about two families meet to each other. Different drinks, tea, and other eatables are served to the groom and other guests.
Ardaas: A short prayer known as Ardaas is done by the Sikh priest and everyone stands together in the Gurudwara. All the people should cover their heads and wash their hands and feet before entering the prayer hall.
Anand Karaj: This is the most important ceremony held in the Gurudwara sahib during the daytime or afternoon. The bride sits on the left side of the groom facing the Guru Granth Sahib and the Sikh priest explains the significance of the marriage and then starts reading the Lavaan from the Guru Granth Sahib. The couple walks four-time around the holy book. After completion of the one round, they sit back in their seats. This process is repeated four times. When the four pheras are completed then the Karah Prashad is distributed among the people who sit in the prayer hall.
Wedding Lunch: After the Anand Karaj, all the guests and wedding attendees are served delicious food items.
Doli: This is the last ceremony also known as Vidaii. When the bride leaves her parent’s house and says a tearful goodbye to her family.
Welcome to the bride: The bride receives a warm welcome from the groom’s family when she reaches his house with flowers and sweets.
Reception: The reception party is held by the groom’s family to which all the relatives, friends, and bride’s family are invited. All the attendees offer blessings to the newly wedded couple.
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