As technologies have the potential to revolutionise the employment environment, these anxieties about automation and technology’s influence on work continue to rise. Although new technologies may result in the loss of millions of jobs, they will also create millions of new employment (although it is still uncertain if there will be enough new jobs).
Concerns about robots, automation, and artificial intelligence (AI) overlook that technological advancements are more likely to alter rather than destroy occupations. In the industrial industry, firms are experimenting with using mechanical exoskeletons on the floor and line workers to alleviate strain and fatigue when lifting big products. In sales, agents will need to improve their online marketing and engagement skills to react to changing client demands.
Technology is changing how we work, but which jobs disappear and which are managed to gain who all these changes affect—determine whether individuals can move from yesterday to tomorrow’s employment.
Which jobs are on the rise, and which are on the decline?
The research shows that technology advancements have reduced the necessity for regular automated labour while increasing demand and remuneration for high-skilled technical and analytical employment.
- A trend that has been building for decades is being accelerated by automation and artificial intelligence.
- Many grocery store workers have been replaced by self-checkout equipment, while switchboard operators have recently replaced the phone and interactive voice response menus.
- According to studies, developments in AI may cause truck drivers, paralegals, and even doctors to have their careers disrupted.
- In this setting, IT occupations may seem to become the only ones having stable job growth.
- They aren’t the only ones, though. Although developers and data scientists are in high demand, careers in personal care and the medical business are increasing faster.
- The need for additional home health aides and other health-related vocations is being pushed in part by the ageing baby boomer population nearing retirement and technological advancements that improve treatment effectiveness.
- According to research, primary data processing skills and manual work will be less needed over the next decade, while cognitive, social, and emotional abilities will be more in demand. Solving complicated issues, working in groups, offering advice, and exhibiting leadership are all talents that allow increased human engagement. Expanding healthcare and service-related employment need skills that robots and automation cannot duplicate.
What impact will these changes have on income, gender, and racial and ethnic disparities?
The income gap between the jobs that are being lost and those obtained is a significant one. Many of the jobs that have been lost are middle-skill employment that pays middle-class earnings (the median annual income in 2017 was $37,690). Jobs like home health assistant and personal care aide pay substantially less than the tech-related jobs replacing such positions.
- Many people in job-losing occupations lack the necessary skills to transition to higher-paying positions readily.
- Most statistical occupations demand a master’s degree, and jobs like information security analysts and software engineers require at least a bachelor’s degree.
- Few of the fastest-disappearing jobs require more than an associate’s degree.
- The disparity between falling and rising jobs impacts racial, ethnic, and gender equity. Women account for over 90% of word processors and typists, the occupation with the steepest drop over the next decade.
- Women of colour are overrepresented in this field, with black and Latino employees accounting for 40% of all positions.
- More males and fewer individuals of colour are employed in growing occupations at the highest end of the pay spectrum.
- Men make up 80% of information security analysts and app developers, whereas individuals of colour make up 20% and 12% of those positions, respectively.
- Women fill 90% of employment in increasing low-paying industries like home health aides and medical assistants, while persons of colour make up more than 40% of medical assistants and 50% of home health aides. And you can also read about the descriptive assignments.
Future high-paying employment will demand more skills and education. While jobs like home health aides will require less education, pay less, and provide fewer possibilities for growth. Due to persistent racial and ethnic disparities in educational attainment. Many individuals of colour may not benefit from technological advancements in the job market.
Assuring that the impact of technology on the workplace benefits everyone
Technological advances are altering the way we work, lowering the need for specific jobs while increasing the demand for others. Positions that aren’t experiencing high growth are undergoing rapid technology adoption. Necessitating the acquisition of new skills by workers in such industries.
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- Advances in productivity may accompany these developments. Resulting in high-paying, high-quality positions for those in a position to benefit from the expansion of these good jobs.
- However, there is a risk that individuals may lose employment earning middle-class wages. And be shut out of better opportunities, especially those without advanced degrees.
- Efforts to bring about these reforms are now underway. Expanding apprenticeship programmes have been proved to generate job prospects for women. And communities are partnering within their local workforce systems
- To build reskilling programmes geared to the requirements of local companies.
- Although these initiatives are encouraging, businesses, employees, educators, and legislators. Must work together to ensure that more people access these possibilities and that technology improves how we all work?
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