If you are one of the experienced .NET developer and have developed various applications in the .NET framework, then you should know how .NET 5 would impact on your existing enterprise applications. More exactly, there will be only one .NET to target the macOS, Linux, Windows, iOS, and Android, etc.
NET 5 is a successor to .NET Core 3.1 as well as .NET Framework 4.8. It has been a few months that .NET 5 has taken its speckle in the field of web application development. Somehow, it has brought some new experiences for the .NET developers with cross-platform app development services.
This will be put order to the .NET universe fragmentation that has been appearing over the years and brings some new interesting features. Additionally, there are some new APIs of .NET 5, runtime capabilities as well as language features, that you can find with this .NET framework.
The motive of the .NET 5 is to enhance the framework in different ways, as follow:
- With the experience and runtime behaviors of the developers, you are able to build a single .NET framework and runtime that could be used everywhere.
- Experience .NET potential by leveraging the best of the .NET Core, .NET frameworks, Mono, as well as Xamarin.
- Create a product from a single codebase only, in which the developers could work and expand together and enhance the maximum possibilities.
- The look and feel of the project file, as well as the structure of the code in .NET 5, would be the same, in any case of the type of application being developed.
A Latest .NET 5 version for a New World
.NET Core was developed for the cross-platform apps from very early in its life and it had been considered to support a new one, cloud-first mobile a[[ as well as practices and patterns of the traditional .NET development.
It has been picked up more and more APIs through three major releases. And when the .NET Standard libraries start to allow a common target for a code that made it easier to share projects across the .NET Framework and the Xamarin.
Nevertheless, we are talking about an ASP.NET Core Development Company that should focus on the top things about the .NET 5 in this blog; to have a clear understanding of what is going on in the web development industry.
The Unified Platform
The very first thing you should know about the .NET 5 is that it allows a unified version of the .NET world. If you have been working on .NET for many years, you must be familiar with most of the popular versions of .NET like .NET Standard, .NET Framework, Mono, and so on. .NET 5 is one of the collective versions of all these flavors which eases the life of the .NET developers.
.NET 5 provides a standard set of APIs to associate the runtime of different applications. It is identified by .NET 5.0 Target Framework Moniker (TFM). The Target Framework Moniker comes up with a token through for the developers that they are able to specify a target framework.
That’s why an application can run smoothly on any of the specified platforms that support .NET 5. Developers are able to develop applications for any certain platform using the .NET 5 platform. This evinces that the .NET 5 was developed while keeping cross-platform in mind.
While this .NET 5 provides a unified platform, the initial plan changed because of COVID-19. In fact, .NET 5 sets the foundations of the unification, but it will be completed with .NET 6 which will be released in November 2021. With that release, you will get the stable release of the new Universal UI and support for the specific Target Framework Monikers for Android (net6.0-android), and iOS (net6.0-ios).
New Features in C#
You should know about the .NET 5 is – C#. .NET 5 comes with C#9 which is the new version of the main programming language of the .NET platform. This programming language carries several important factors, like:
One another update of C#9 is known as ‘init accessor’. It allows the developers to define properties that can only be initialized.
Top-level statements offer developers to write only those lines of code that are essential for the limited console programs, utilities by using C#, which is able of supporting a scripting-based approach.
Using the .NET 5 framework, developers are able to declare immutable reference types. Suppose, if you are defining those class-based types that can not be altered after their creation.
.NET MAUI – Universal UI
The universal User Interface (UI) is known as .NET MAUI. Now the developers are able to develop interfaces for all types of platforms including Android, iOS, and Windows in a single project using .NET5.
.NET MAUI can be considered an evolution of the Xamarin.Forms, one of the open-source frameworks for developing iOS and Android apps using a single .NET codebase. It’s a universal model for designing UIs for both desktop and mobile applications.
.NET MAUI supports the following patterns:
- Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM)
- Model-View-Update (MVU)
Single-File Applications Support
One of the important things about the .NET 5 is the support of the single-file applications. This means, now the developers are able to publish or deploy applications and their dependencies as a single file.
This factor is different from .NET 3.1 single-file applications. In .NET 3.1 it was allowed to package binaries only. It offers a new internal structure, that supports direct execution while carrying no pressure on performance.
Windows Communication Foundation (WCF)
WCF is a traditional communication framework for Windows, that is no longer supported. This is shocking for the developers that have used it to develop the applications which are already developed. But .NET 5 is now allowing gRPC migration instead of WCF.
You might have got a clear understanding of .NET 5 and its impact on your existing .NET applications from this small discussion. The main aim of this .NET 5 is to make the .NET development simpler, and richer in every sense. Microsoft is conducting more functionalities and power to its product by adapting the new tools and technologies. All new C# versions will also be part of .NET 5.