7 Ways to Tell If the Gold You’re Purchasing is Real
In this article, we will discuss the Ways to Tell If the Gold You’re Purchasing is Real. Gold is one of the world’s most valuable and desired commodities. Because of its value, even if the gold is false, inexpensive jewelry can be made to appear more valuable if it looks to contain gold. If you have a gold item, whether it’s scrap or a treasured heirloom, you might want to know how to detect if it’s genuine to avoid being duped. This is especially true if you intend to purchase such a product. Here are a few techniques to tell if the gold you have or want to buy is genuine.
LOOK FOR A HALLMARK
Looking for a hallmark is the greatest way to tell if the gold padlock necklace you’re buying is genuine. This is a little mark that indicates the carat weight of the gold. Different measures are used in different places. The hallmark number in the United States is a fraction of 24. A hallmark of 12K, or 12 carat, denotes that half of the jewelry is made of gold. 24K gold is the purest form of gold. In Europe, a figure between.000 and 1.000 should be seen, with 1.000 representing 100 percent gold – pure gold.
If the hallmark is missing, it’s possible that the jewelry isn’t made of real gold. There are, however, other possibilities. It’s possible that the trademark has faded with time, which can happen if the item is kept in close proximity to the skin. Also, if the jewelry is old, it may be genuine gold, but it was created before hallmarking became a standard process.
LOOK FOR A LETTER MARK
If the initials GP, GF, or GEP are stamped on an item of jewelry, it means it is not made of real gold. GEP denotes gold electroplate, GP denotes gold plating, GF denotes gold filling, and GP denotes gold plating. That is, the jewelry is composed of a different metal with a tiny layer of gold applied to it. While the gold plating on the item may be genuine, there isn’t enough gold for it to be deemed actual gold.
TEST WITH NITRIC ACID
Look for a small scratchable area on the jewelry, such as under a clasp or on the inside of a ring. Make a scratch deep enough to pierce the top layer of gold. Apply a drop of nitric acid to the mark with care and see if it becomes green or milky. If the jewelry is gold or primarily gold, there will be no reaction.
Because nitric acid is a hazardous substance, you should use extreme caution when handling it. Make sure you’re wearing gloves and goggles, and that the space is well-ventilated. You might not want to use this test on something of considerable personal value because of the risk of damage to the jewelry. At the very least, hire a professional jeweler to perform the test for you.
TEST THE ITEM’S DENSITY
Gold has a density of about 19.3 grams per milliliter (g/mL). The more real gold your gold object contains, the closer its density is to this value. To determine the density of your gold item, you’ll need a gram scale and a container with milliliter marks large enough to hold the item with room to spare.
Weigh your object and make a note of how much it weighs in grams. After that, set your container on a flat surface and fill it halfway with water. In milliliters, note how full the container is. Lower your item into the container with care so that the water does not splash over the sides. Subtract the first measurement from the second to get the amount of water your item displaced in milliliters. This will provide you with the item’s volume.
Divide the volume of your gold item by its weight to determine its density. If your item weighs 40 grams and has a capacity of 2.2 milliliters, its density is 40 / 2.2, or 18.18 grams per milliliter. Because gold has a density of 19.3 g/mL, your object is most likely made of real gold. Of course, because other metals have similar weights to gold, this test is a good guide but not perfect.
TEST AGAINST A CERAMIC TILE
This test necessitates scratching your gold item, but you should be able to obtain results with minimal harm. Find or buy a ceramic tile that isn’t glazed. Because tile glaze impacts the results, it must be unglazed. Rub your object gently against the tile until you see gold flakes peeling off. There’s a high probability your object is real gold if it leaves a gold streak. A black mark on the gold reveals that it is counterfeit.
DROP THE ITEM IN THE WATER
Fill a container halfway with water, enough to cover your gold item and have some leftover. Drop your gold item into the water with care. Real gold is a hefty metal that does not float, thus if your gold object floats, it isn’t genuine. Also, if the object rusts or tarnishes after being submerged in water, this is a hint it isn’t real gold, as gold does not rust or tarnish. You might not want to try this experiment with an expensive item because of the possibility of tarnishing.
USE A STRONG MAGNET
Because gold is not magnetic, you can use a magnet to see if the jewelry is attracted to it. Because most kitchen magnets aren’t strong enough, you may need to purchase one from a hardware shop. If the gold is mixed with a magnetic substance, such as iron, you may get a reaction from the jewelry. Furthermore, the jewelry could be largely comprised of stainless steel, which is not magnetic.