Dandruff- Causes and Symptoms

We know that dandruff is a common scalp ailment that causes itching and inflammation, resulting in white flakes scattered throughout the hair. Although dandruff isn’t harmful to your health, it may be humiliating. The scalp condition affects one out of every five persons.


Although symptoms may reappear over time, milder instances can be treated with a gentle shampoo. The severity of the case varies based on the individual and their skin sensitivity. The first thing in treating dandruff is to understand what causes it. You can cure dandruff considerably more easily if you’ve narrowed out what’s aggravating your scalp enough to produce it.

Is Your Hair Care to Blame?

Dandruff does not indicate that your hair is unclean; rather, the manner you style it, or the products you use may contribute to a flaky scalp. Some hair coloring and styling chemicals can leave a flaky, dry residue or cause a dandruff-like skin response. If you are already suffering from dandruff, not washing your hair sufficiently might make it worse by making it possible for dead skin cells to collect. You could wish to try out different hair products to see if they can help you get rid of your dandruff.

Dandruff Signs and Symptoms

The obvious spots of white flakes on the scalp, consisting of dead skin that come free in your hair, indicate that you may have dandruff. Other signs include:

  • At times, the scalp can be itchy
  • Greasy or dry scales on the scalp
  • Yellowish to reddish, scaly raised bumps along the hairline (in severe cases)


Some of the most prevalent causes of an itchy scalp and those obvious white flakes include:

1. Dry Skin

The most widespread cause of dandruff is dry skin. It is the main cause of your dandruff, and it may become worse this time of year. It’s simpler to identify whether your dandruff is caused by dry skin because other parts of your body can become dry too. Many shampoos (both medicated and non-medicated) can replace moisture in your scalp and reduce — or even eliminate — dandruff.

2. Not Shampooing Frequently

While it may sound unsanitary, not washing frequently enough may be the source of your dandruff. It is also possible that you don’t use enough shampoo, or the shampoo isn’t strong enough to wash away the oil barrier that contributes to your dandruff. While it’s possible that simply shampooing more regularly may work, you may need to go a step further. Applying a medicated over-the-counter shampoo a few times a week can help keep the buildup at bay.

3. Allergies

We can see several people allergic to a wide range of items, from grass to peanuts. After using a certain product might be sensitive if you experience any scalp inflammation, such as itchy or painful. To start, discontinue the use of the questionable product. To find the culprit, use the process of elimination approach.

4. Medical Issue

Seborrheic dermatitis is listed among chronic inflammatory skin disorders. It damages the scalp and other parts of the body with oil glands. You can notice dandruff and redness of the scalp in this condition. It is just like the other common skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, or an allergic response. Contact your doctor when you experience any of these symptoms. Some tar-based shampoos are effective for preventing skin cells from reversing prematurely. Other drugs, and a thorough skincare program, could be beneficial.

5. Yeast infection

Malassezia is a specific kind of fungus that resides on everyone’s scalp and skin. Some people acquire sensitivity, which can lead to dandruff. Various skin disorders exacerbated by Malassezia include psoriasis and other kinds of dermatitis, in addition to seborrheic dermatitis. It’s another easy condition to treat by taking medicine recommended by a doctor. Other over-the-counter shampoos, along with maintaining a regular skincare routine, can help.


For the most part, dandruff does not necessitate medical treatment. However, what looks to be dandruff is occasionally a medical problem such as seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, scalp fungal infections, or eczema.

Consult a best dermatologist if your symptoms persist after taking a dandruff shampoo. A dermatologist can accurately assess your problem and offer the best treatment option for you.


1. What kills dandruff fungus?

The fungus that causes dandruff can be treated using apple cider vinegar, and it relieves itching and might help reduce dandruff. Massage your body with coconut oil: Combine five tablespoons of coconut oil with five drops of tea tree oil.

2. Does dandruff contain DNA?

DNA quantity per dandruff particle varies extremely within a range from 0.8 to 16.6 ng DNA for the tested subjects. Genotyping was also possible for a single dandruff particle to reduce DNA extraction volume.

3. Is oiling well for dandruff?

When we consider dandruff treatments, there are a variety of home treatments to get rid of the flakes, the most popular of which is oiling your hair. Oiling your hair is beneficial, but it is not helpful to dandruff. On the other hand, the oil should not be your go-to dandruff treatment.


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